Excursion «6. Bethlehem and Russian Jerusalem»

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This tour provides a look at places associated with the birth and history of Christianity.
The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem is one of the oldest continuously operating churches in the world. It was built over the cave where, according to legend, was the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. For Christians worldwide the Church of the Nativity is one of the most important shrines. The most holy places in the temple is the miraculous icon of the Good Lady, the 14 Pointed Star, the "nursery", in which lay the baby Jesus and the "altar of the Magi".
There is Gorny monastery In Jerusalem, which habits one of the most picturesque places in the south of modern Jerusalem - Ein Karem (from Arabic - The spring of the vineyard). Tradition connects this place with Elizabeth's the righteous visit to her cousin, the Virgin Mary.
The Church of St. Mary Magdalene in Gethsemane. This five-domed church with golden domes is one of the most beautiful temples in Jerusalem. The church was built in the 18th century by Emperor Alexander III in memory of his mother, the Russian Orthodox Empress Maria Alexandrovna, a German by birth. lt was consecrated in honor of its patron saint St. Mary Magdalene, disciple and faithful follower of Jesus.

*Note: A foreign passport is mandatory on this tour because of visiting Bethlehem (Palestinian autonimy).

*Note: Modest clothing is required for men and women.

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There are  a lot of biblical events associated with this place. Jesus Christ preached on Mount of Olives.  Moreover, at that place he foresaw the future of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple, prayed in the olive grove of Gethsemane, was arrested due to the betrayal of one of his apostles - Judah. Also, in ancient times, the prophet Zechariah made a prediction about the end of the world. According to that predicition, Mount of Olives will split into two parts, and then the resurrection of the dead will begin. On the western slope of the mountain is a Jewish cemetery, where the son of King David Absalom was once buried, and now prominent statesmen of Israel are buried there.

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Modern Bethlehem is located on the territory of the Palestinian Authority. The main population is Muslim Arabs and a small part of Christian Arabs. The main income of Bethlehem is the flow of tourists. Christian pilgrims from all over the world come to this city, the place where Jesus Christ was born. Every Christmas in Bethlehem Christmas masses are held snd the masses are broadcast around the world. The main shrine of the city is a silver star in the cave of the Church of the Nativity of Christ, which marks the place where Jesus was born. In this temple there is a miraculous icon of the smiling Mother of God, the cave of the Beaten Babies.

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The Church of the Nativity of Christ was erected in Bethlehem above the cave where Jesus was born. Divine services at the Nativity Church have not practically interrupted since the Early Byzantine era. The modern building of the Church of the Nativity is the only Christian temple in Palestine, preserved from the pre-Muslim period.

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Among the dense and luxuriant vegetation of Gethsemane  the Orthodox church of Mary Magdalene stands majestically.  It is made in the true Russian style. 
One Throne Church Mary Magdalene was erected at the end of the nineteenth century by order of Alexander III. The emperor gave the order to build a temple in memory of his mother - Empress Maria Alexandrovna. A few years after the construction of the temple was consecrated - during the celebration of the 900th anniversary of the Baptism of Russia.
As a result of excavations by archaeologists, parts of structures wgich was mentioned more than once in the Bible were discovered in the temple.
The church has seven domes, inside is lined with snow-white marble, and its walls are painted with brushes by famous artists, including Sergey Ivanov and Vasily Vereshchagin.

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Russian Orthodox Ascension Monastery stands on the Mount of Olives.
At the entrance to the Church of the Ascension, you can see the most important shrine of this place - the stone of the Virgin (it is believed that standing on it  Virgin watched the Ascension of the Lord).
Located in the monastery, the bell tower of John the Baptist (sixty-four meters in height) has an observation deck. Climbing up the many steps to the top of the bell tower, the gaze offers a breathtaking view of Jerusalem. This bell tower is the highest point of the Mount of Olives. Back in the twentieth century, archaeologists during excavations in the monastery discovered mosaics, various utensils, as well as a bust of Herod the Great. The monastery is interesting for tourists as a historical, religious and archaeological site.

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One of the districts of Jerusalem, located on the outskirts of the city, is Ein Karem. This area consists of hills densely covered with vegetation, on which temples and monasteries are located.  In Ein Karem  John the Baptist was born.
In Ein Karem, a source holy to Christians beats, from which, according to legend, the Virgin Mary drank water (therefore, the source was named after her). On the territory of the Russian convent there is a stone, sitting on which, John the Baptist himself read sermons.
Ein Karem is a favorite place for tourists and residents of Jerusalem, because it is interesting both from a historical point of view and from a vacation point of view. Today, there are several restaurants in the Jerusalem area that serve a variety of local dishes.
A tour of the western outskirts of the city of Jerusalem will allow you to touch the history and enjoy the magnificent views from the hilly area.

Условия отмены заказа:

При отмене туристом экскурсии менее чем за 2 дня – неустойка 100%, при переносе – 50%, если не куплена страховка от невыезда.

  • Опоздавшим и не вышедшим на экскурсию деньги не возвращаются.
  • За утерянные вещи фирма ответственности не несет.
  • Не принимаются заявки на экскурсии для детей младше 5 лет
  • Ответственность за наличие индивидуального страхового полиса ложится на туриста.
  • Возможно ожидание туристами автобуса до 30 минут.
  • Возможны незначительные изменения маршрута.
  • Компания оставляет за собой право менять время выезда, о чем накануне сообщается туристу.
  • Нет указания мест в автобуcе. Посадка и высадка  осуществляется только в назначенных местах.
  • Посещение святых мест разрешено только в скромной одежде (плечи и колени  закрыты).
  • ВНИМАНИЕ! Въезд на территорию Вифлеема (Палестинская автономия) гражданам Израиля запрещен. Необходим НЕ израильский загранпаспорт.
  • Уровень физической нагрузки: 5/5.

Рекомендуем: брать с собой на экскурсию питьевую воду, головной убор, солнцезащитные средства, удобную обувь.

В стоимость поездок не входит и оплачивается на месте: питание, если не куплено дополнительно.

  • adult from 165₪
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